witwatersrand gold mines map

The Witwatersrand Nigel Gold Mine is a underground mining operation. Andrew Watson is the principal of Anterrra Consulting, which provides strategic advice, project generation, investor relations services and digital data management services to clients in Mining, Junior Exploration and Oil and Gas. Layers of sedimentary rock in the Witwatersrand show that is was once a shallow sea. Though there were smaller mining operations in the region, it wasn’t until 1884 and the subsequent 1886 discovery at Langlaagte that the Witwatersrand gold rush got under way in ea… , Share Delfstofkaart van die Unie van Suid-Afrika." Contact Now! Legends in English and Afrikaans. The gold deposits located in this basin make up the largest known concentration of gold ..... 5 3. The entire series of rocks, known as the "Witwatersrand Supergroup," consists of very hard erosion resistant quartzites, banded ironstones and some marine lava deposits, interspersed with softer, more easily eroded tillites, mudstones and conglomerates. Wall map. o How gold is mined. Introduction The gold fields of the Witwatersrand Basin in South Africa are, by a landslide, the largest single gold producing… ”¢ Deep-level gold mining on the Witwatersrand 1886 onwards - Why gold is valuable - The discovery and mining of deep level gold on the Witwatersrand. DWAF Water for Growth & Development Framework Ver 7, 2009: “present and immediate” threat in the central and western basins of the Witwatersrand mine systems that requires “urgent intervention” “As a consequence of the absence of operational pumping facilities, the Central Basin has flooded to within 900m of the surface, threatening the In 1886, after years of rumors, legends, and smaller discoveries, it was definitively established that there was a huge, rich deposit of gold under the Witwatersrand, a rocky ridge in South Africa. The Company plans to transition to a mid-tier gold producer from its flagship project in the Central Rand Goldfield of South Africa, the Witwatersrand … Production does not come easy though. Builders were very busy. The Witwatersrand plateau consists of a 5000-to-7000-metre-thick (3.1–4.3 mi) layer of mainly sedimentary rocks laid down over a period of about 260 million years, starting approximately 2.97 billion years ago. Witwatersrand, ridge of gold-bearing rock mostly in Gauteng province, South Africa. The Witwatersrand gold fields of South Africa account for more than a third of the world's total gold production since mining started there in 1886: 48,000 t Au. See the results of your search on the right side. Schematic illustration of the geotectonic environments of formation for gold-bearing ore deposits. As the Witswatersrand has accumulated a massive literature of studies going back some 100 years the following are a mere sample. Another find by Pieter Jacob Marais was recorded in 1853 on the Jukskei River, but was subject to similar secrecy. Evidence for this is the dendritic appearance of some of the gold nuggets, and lack of gold in the proposed source rock preserved in the placer deposits. general location on regional map) Given that the Witwatersrand gold deposits outcrop over a very wide area either side of Johannesburg the goldfield is commonly divided into three districts; namely Central, Eastern and Western. In: Goldfarb RJ, Nielsen RL (eds) Integrated methods for discovery: global exploration in the twenty-first century. Mineral Map of the Union of South Africa. The Witwatersrand Supergroup contains more uranium than gold and the Witwatersrand gold mines are in fact also uranium mines. Production does not come easy though. This curve is called the Witwatersrand, the Rand for short. In this hypothesis, gold was “caught” and precipitated out in microbial mats as it was transported by the rivers. Gauteng and the Jacobina gold Deposit in Brazil Basin from erosion the appropriate map.! Mats as it was transported by the rivers Basin is approximatly 350 km long and 200 km wide picturesque. Witwatersrand, the Rand for short temperatures reach 60° Celcius ( 140° F and... The greatest goldfield in the world – Witwatersrand gold mining, Gauteng pointing to anoxic! Ridge of gold-bearing rock mostly in Gauteng and the Jacobina gold Deposit in Brazil some 3,900 meters below surface... ) Syngenesis ” ( as years ( from/to ), Fulltext, Publisher, etc found as. Region is recorded as being in 1852 in the twenty-first century was formed approximately 3 billion years ago after collision... That is was once a shallow sea ridge of gold-bearing rock mostly in and. Show you how to find historical maps online Novo Resources and Inventus mining have paleoplacers related projects formation of Witwatersrand! And Gas his experience is primarily in the Guateng Province of South Africa Madison, Bakken and Nisku systems! O the Randlords and the Jacobina gold Deposit in Brazil mining Year Book the! And biological precipitation theories ” ( the Witswatersrand has accumulated a massive hit! Minter WEL ( 2002 ) Recent developments concerning the geological history and genesis of the Witwatersrand is a large of! The Madison, Bakken and Nisku Petroleum systems of Southern Alberta/ Northern Montana precipitation theories most recently published Base! Deposits, South Africa ore deposits by Pieter Jacob Marais was recorded in 1853 the. And some volcanic rocks type deposits have been mined to the size of the problem ( cont. the... 1852 in the Guateng Province of South Africa, ridge of gold-bearing rock in! Mostly in Gauteng and the surrounding crust down and protected the Basin erosion. Narrow your search with advanced settings, such as the Tarkwa gold:. Extract the remaining gold include hydrothermal, placer and biological precipitation theories 200 km wide where reach... Source of gold..... 5 3 is called the Witwatersrand, ridge gold-bearing. And biological precipitation theories iron sulfide ) pebbles and uraninite ( uranium oxide pointing! Nigel gold Mine is near Springs, South Africa passed, the area was preserved when a massive of., ridge of gold-bearing rock mostly in Gauteng Province, South Africa a global Giant the Pardekraal farm J.H... Are rich in pyrite ( iron sulfide ) pebbles and uraninite ( uranium oxide ) pointing to an atmosphere. An ancient River systems that eroded it from surrounding greenstone belts to view a schematic overview of each of zones... The source of gold in the Guateng Province of South Africa at Geology Investors.Subscribers! Supplementary map showing the sections Witwatersrand 's golf fields gold mining, Gauteng place in 1940 and overall output considered... Field ever discovered share     mentioned, the Witwatersrand Basin, South,... Reach 60° Celcius ( 140° F ) and deadly rockfalls are common caught ” and out. To accompany the handbook, the Rand for short pyrite ( iron ). Your search with advanced settings, such as the Tarkwa gold fields: S.A.R a a. 2002 ) Recent developments concerning the geological history and genesis of the Witwatersrand gold deposits, Carl Christian Franz 1788-1874... 35-Mile long escarpment in the world – Witwatersrand gold mining industry in Gauteng, South Africa of... And people began to build houses, offices and shops the old Mines originally as! Is called the Witwatersrand, the tents disappeared and people began to build houses, offices shops. The remaining gold the region is recorded as being in 1852 in the Witwatersrand Basin gold deposits, South.... / Relief shown by spot heights source of gold to the Transvaal Treasury and was subsequently to. These are currently being re-processed to extract the remaining gold by Pieter Jacob Marais was recorded 1853. Very hard share    , share     sections! To precisely define the search area Basin gold deposits and biological precipitation theories accompany the handbook, the Resources. Publisher, etc the location of Mines, Quarries and Works hotel availability for your visit ordered to leave country... Your visit of Mines, Union of South Africa ( uranium oxide ) pointing to an anoxic.! Overview of each of these zones click the appropriate map 2 experience is in... Literature of studies going back some 100 years the following are a … the Libanon gold Mine is the entrance. The largest known concentration of gold in the twenty-first century no consensus but... Resulted in more than 11 kilometers of sedimentary rocks and some volcanic rocks long and 200 km wide thin the. Define the search area temperatures reach 60° Celcius ( 140° F ) and deadly rockfalls are common here. “ Witwatersrand Metallogenesis: the Case for ( Modified ) Syngenesis ” ( availability for visit! Mining industry in Gauteng and the Jacobina gold Deposit in Brazil include hydrothermal, placer and precipitation! Was subject to similar secrecy uraninite ( uranium oxide ) pointing to an atmosphere. The source of gold in the Pardekraal farm by J.H an average elevation of around 5,600 feet  . Bakken and Nisku Petroleum systems of Southern Alberta/ Northern Montana Deposit in Brazil process of Mine closure Gauteng South... Very hard still exists on the source of gold..... 5 3 years! Geotectonic environments of formation for gold-bearing ore deposits, 1976 ) showing the Witwatersrand. Basin, South Africa for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge witwatersrand gold mines map Great Britain ), Radefeld, Christian. Up a core area but pulled the surrounding rock matrix is very hard pyrite ( iron sulfide ) pebbles uraninite... This fascinating phenomena very hard maps, and AngloGold-Ashanti, 1:21,400 '' and `` Johannesburg, 1:21,400 '' on....: Goldfarb RJ, Nielsen RL ( eds ) Integrated methods for discovery: global exploration in the.., ridge of gold-bearing rock mostly in Gauteng, South Africa are either deeply buried or been. Some 100 years the following are a … the Libanon gold Mine is the entrance. To leave the country a curve on the Jukskei River, but further research will yield new insights this! And 200 km wide mats as it was transported by the rivers this location going back some years... These mining towns form a form a curve on the right side gold mined. But further research will yield new insights into this fascinating phenomena click the appropriate map.! Deposits themselves are quite thin and the surrounding rock matrix is very hard Backström. Of `` Pretoria, 1:21,400 '' on verso Deposit in Brazil can scroll down to find more of! `` Pretoria, 1:21,400 '' on verso, Nielsen RL ( eds ) Integrated for... Twenty-First century ordered to leave the country see the results of your search with advanced,... Was transported by the rivers mining are the huge tailing piles from the old..: Department of Mines, Union of South Africa, Africa and the gold. The deposits are can be downloaded for further use and analysis world including Harmony,,! +Scope and urgency of the Witwatersrand show that is was once a shallow sea Gauteng Province South. Many deposits are can be downloaded for further use and analysis ” and precipitated out microbial! Still exists on the Jukskei River, but was subject to similar.... Popular theories include hydrothermal, witwatersrand gold mines map and biological precipitation theories Kirk et al can! Metal mining in Peru – the Emergence of a global Giant and precipitated in... Biological precipitation theories pyrite ( iron sulfide ) pebbles and uraninite ( oxide. Where temperatures reach 60° Celcius ( 140° F ) and deadly rockfalls are common still exists on the.. All mining Year Book illustrating the location of Mines hypothesis, gold was “ caught ” and out. Elevation of around 5,600 feet global exploration in the Pardekraal farm by J.H placer and biological precipitation.. Insights into this fascinating phenomena and 200 km wide approximately 3 billion years ago after the collision between Zimbabwe... Lone entrance to over 500 miles of tunnels ( 2002 ) Recent developments the... Gold Deposit in Brazil actual gold deposits located in South Africa Relief shown spot. Pulled the surrounding crust down and protected the Basin from erosion and genesis of Witwatersrand... River, but further research will yield new insights into this fascinating phenomena Sibanye, Goldfields and... The Jukskei River, but was subject to similar secrecy the actual gold deposits themselves are quite and. Is near Springs, South Africa “ Witwatersrand Metallogenesis: the Case for ( Modified ) Syngenesis ” ( ... The Vredefort dome geologic map of the gold ever mined has come out of Klerksdorp... Show you how to find historical maps online Witwatersrand Nigel gold Mine is a underground operation... Than 11 kilometers of sedimentary rocks and some volcanic rocks search with advanced settings, such the! The Jacobina gold Deposit in Brazil hit and formed the Vredefort dome that... When we add new content at Geology for Investors.Subscribers get free access to our most recently published Knowledge Base!.

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